The distance between Ulaanbaatar and Bayan-Olgii is about 1,700 km. It takes 3 hours by flight to Ulgii airport from Chinggis Khaan International Airport in Ulaanbaatar. There are two airlines available: Aeromongolia Airlines and Hunnu air. Each airlines accepts 15 kg luggage allowance free of charge, which includes your carry-on luggage. Anything above 15 kgs is charged per kg. Check-in starts 2 hours before flight time. Don’t miss the plane; there is 1 hour time difference between Ulaanbaatar and Olgii. If you want to see multiple places in Western Mongolia, flying to Uvs or Hovd provinces and driving to Olgii or other way is another great choice. Pickups and delivery service is always available.

If you desire the more adventurous budget route, you can travel by ground, which usually takes 2-3 days. You can take regularly scheduled buses or find a car coming to Olgii if you visit the transportation station in Ulaanbaatar. Hitching a ride can be unreliable, so please be aware of this when planning.

It is very simple to plan your vacation with us. Click here or go to Book your vocation now session to send us email. Please try to specify how many of you and what is the package you are interested in. Or even just let us know how you want your trip in Western Mongolia, we will help you organize nice and sweet vacation. Once you are booked with us, we will require some more detailed information of you to help us understand you better. Communication and understanding both side very well removes all the barriers to give excellent service one side and receive satisfaction on the other side.

Email communication is good start for us to book your vacation. You can choose from our standard travel programs or you can suggest us how you want to change the program we are offering you. The programs in destination session will describe you general outlines to give you bigger picture of your trip. Once you are agreed and accept our program, Now explore our programs .

Bayan-Olgii is a province located in the westernmost part of Mongolia, in the heart of the Altai Mountains, established in 1940. Olgii is the capital city. It shares its border with Russia to the north and China to the south. Its neighboring provinces within Mongolia are Uvs and Khovd. Bayan-Olgii is situated in a unique corner of Mongolia. With an area of 45,800km2, the nation’s highest mountain (Khuiten Peak 4,374m), and a population of predominantly Kazakh descent, Bayan-Olgii’s picturesque landscape, renowned local hospitality, and unspoiled natural beauty make it a place like no other. Despite being located over 1500 kilometers from Ulaanbaatar and seldom visited, Bayan-Olgii Province has much to offer visitors.

Bayan-Olgii is Mongolia’s most culturally distinct province, as more than ninety percent of the population is ethnically Kazakh. Consequently, many things here may be surprising to a seasoned traveler of other regions of Mongolia. The capital city, Olgii, has a ‘bazaar’ instead of market and mosques in the place of Buddhist temples. In addition, although many herders live in yurts and raise the same livestock, the province’s traditional dress, handicrafts, music, food, and customs are distinctly Kazakh. In fact, the Kazakhs of Olgii have maintained many facets of their cultural heritage that have all but disappeared from the lives of Kazakh people in Kazakhstan and Xinjiang. The practice of hunting with Golden Eagles, a traditional form of Kazakh falconry, is a case in point. In addition to the modern day inhabitants of Bayan-Olgii, the province is also rich in prehistoric archeological sites. When traveling through the province, petroglyphs, stone-men, and burial mounds from this period can be found scattered across the landscape.

Olgii was an ethnic Kazakh village before the founding of the modern nation of Mongolia in 1911. Kazakhs have been coming to the Altai region of Mongolia for at least 200 years. Many came as Kazakhs faced pressure from the expanding Russian Empire. These numbers increased significantly after the 1917 Russian Revolution and the rise of communism in China. It was the center of Islam in Mongolia before religious purges in the 1930s in which the mosque was destroyed and the imam was executed.

Mongolia initially tried to suppress Kazakh language and culture before creating Bayan-Olgii Aimag in 1939, with Olgii as the seat of government. Much of the center of the city was built in the 1950s to 1980s. Olgii developed less than the rest of Mongolia and was not connected by railroad or paved road due to its isolated location and lack of mineral resources. After the Mongolian democratic revolution in 1991 and the breakup of the Soviet Union, 25% of the population moved to the newly independent Kazakhstan.

Though, many later returned and the population has largely recovered. In recent years construction has increased significantly resulting in many new apartments, shops, restaurants, and hotels (most have been built since 2005), mirroring a construction boom throughout Mongolia. Like other post-communist cities, much of the industry closed down in the 1990s, though a large wool factory and many smaller animal related factories continue to process products from the 2 million animals in the Aimag.

The culture of the Kazakh majority is strongly influenced by Islamic traditions. The mosque of Olgii also houses the Islamic Center of Mongolia. It is placed at an unusual angle within the fabric of the city, because the building was oriented exactly towards There’s also a medressa (Islamic school) at the same place.

The aimag is famous for the traditional practice of hunting with trained eagles. The captive eagles work in a similar way as hunting falcons do. While eagles are used for hunting in other parts of the world, particularly Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, the practice is most common in Bayan-Olgii, where an estimated 80% of the world’s eagle hunters live. The annual Golden Eagle Festival is held in Olgii every October to display the skill of eagle hunters, with about 70 hunters participating per year.

If you visit Mongolia or Kazakhstan, you will see the white Kazakh yurt on the green meadows of jailau (summer camp), you cannot feel and enjoy the real life of Kazakhs and their culture. Yurt is one of the oldest and greatest inventions of Eurasian nomads. At all times Yurt was a practical and convenient, portable accommodation.  The snow-white dome in the green foothill of jailau, fabulous play of carpets and tekemets, perfect prefabricated structure, which can be easily assembled or disassembled if needed, – traditional home of a nomad. This original house, a traditional phenomenon of portable Kazakh houses had been evolving towards perfection for centuries. It has been recognized by researchers as “the most perfect type of portable shelters and impressed the travelers and merchants, ambassadors of foreign states and medieval historians. Many of them, left fanciful descriptions of felt tents, which amazed them with its comfort and splendid decorations.

“Nauryz” New year of Muslim people, is a traditional Kazak holiday.   From the 21st to 22nd of March, the Muslim people celebrate this day as the holiday of spring. This Kazak feast includes dancing and singing with the melody of traditional musical instrument “dombra”. The tables inside of their colorfully decorated gers are loaded with traditional foods. Nauryz is a very important holiday for Kazakhs, which marks the beginning of a new year. It is celebrated several days starting from 21st of March, the day of the spring equinox. Nauryz means ‘new day’, it is celebrated in the Great Steppes from ancient times. Nauryz symbolizes goodness and wealth, happiness and love and a great friendship day, since this holiday is common for many nations.

During Nauryz celebrations, past offenses are forgiven and forgotten and everybody makes a wish to leave all badness behind and bring renewal in the New Year. During the Nauryz holiday, large and small cities, villages become festival centres, felt yurts – traditional nomad houses are erected in city centers and rich dastarkhan (table) is laid down in each of them.

City squares get full of yurts, and many performances take place there. Here one can learn about the culture and lifestyle of nomads and find people wearing beautiful national clothes, listen to Kazakh songs and play of musical instruments, etc. In holiday exhibitions and fairs traditional gifts and souvenirs are sold. Usually young people gather around Altybakan, which is a large hanging swing, with colorful decorations, where songs are sung, and traditional games are played. During Nauryz holiday, many famous stars give concerts in cities and the holiday is completed by fireworks.

Nauryz koje is the most important of all meals during these days and a main symbol of Nauryz, since it is prepared specially for this day. Nauryz koje is special for its unique recipe. Traditionally, 7 different ingredients are added to Nauryz koje, which may vary, but basically these ingredients include: water, meat, salt, milk or yoghurt, one type of grains, chosen from rice, corn or wheat, and others. Seven ingredients symbolize seven virtues or qualities, such as joy, success, intelligence, health, wealth, agility and security.

During the celebration of Nauryz, the koje is offered to all guests in any city or village of Kazakhstan. Besides, other traditional Kazakh meals, such as besbarmak, kuyrdak, baursak, and many types of meals made from milk (youghurt, kurt, cream, butter, cheese, etc.) are also offered.

In fact, Between 1926-1988, Nauryz holiday was not officially celebrated in Kazakhstan (Kazakh Soviet Socialistic Republic those days) Then In 2009 – 3 days of Nauryz holiday, starting 21th of March, were officially announced bank holidays in Kazakhstan. September 30, 2009 – Nauryz was included in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by the UNESCO; since then, 21 of March is announced International Day of Nowruz (Nauryz).

Kazakh culture is also represented in Kazakh language and literature. Kazakh is a Turkic language and is similar to other Turkic languages, such as Uzbek, Kyrgyz, Turkish, etc. It is agglutinative language with a vowel harmony, like other Turkic languages.

Kazakh is written using Cyrillic alphabet, though Kazakhs, living in China still use Arabic-derived alphabet as 100 years ago. Kazakh was also written in Latin alphabet in 1920s, thus being changed several times in XX century. Nowadays a switch to Latin alphabet is being discussed.  Russian is also widely used in Kazakhstan and is spoken almost everywhere.


From enjoying famous Naadam Festival in July to helping nomads’ daily life in spring time, photographing wild horses in the NP to experiencing centuries old traditions of nomadic horseback archery and falconary and much more great adventures await you in Mongolia and should be on your 2020 bucket list!

Lunar New Year-Tsagaan Sar

Date –  February 24-26, 2020

Location all over Mongolia

Tsagaan Sar-White Moon celebration is one of Mongolian biggest traditional festival which is celebrated on the first day of the Lunar-new year to put some cheer in the endless winter months and mark the beginning of spring.

Winter Festival of Altai Nomads

Date -23-25 Feb , 2020

Location– Buhun-Uul, Ulgii soum

With aims to boost winter tourism and to promote culture of Kazakh ethnic people, Winter festival of Altai Nomads will be another winter attraction of Mongolia if you are planning to visit in March. The two day event includes various interesting activities connected with Eagle Hunting tradition such as Shakiru and Shirga, Tenge-ilu –coin grabbing competition, Kyz Huar game show, Khukhbar competition.

Ice festival of Mongolia

Date March 2-3 , 2020

Location Khovsgol Lake

Journey to Ice Festival on Khovsgol Lake, Northern Mongolia has become one of the main Mongolian winter tour ideas to both foreigners and local people. At this exciting event, you can enjoy and explore Mongolian nomadic culture, traditions, customs, uncommon performance of shaman Shaman rituals, folk music and dance show, lifestyle exploration of reindeer herders, Tsaatan people along with artistic ice sculptures and natural beauty.

Spring Golden Eagle Festival 

Date – March 4-5, 2020

Location Chinggis Khaanii Khuree Complex

The Golden Eagle Festival is organized two times a year officially in March in the capital city of Mongolia and in October in the Western region of the country. If you travel to Mongolia in March, you can discover  and  feel the taste of Spring Golden Eagle Festival  near Ulaanbaatar.

Thousand Camel Festival 

Date- March 6-7, 2020

Location– Bulgan town, Umnugovi province

The festival was first initiated in 1997 by locals of Umnugovi /south gobi/ province to celebrate Mongolian camels and protect the species and pass the rich Mongolian camel breeding heritage to the next generation. The highlights of two day festival will start with Camel Prada, which is open to any visitors who wish to attend and continue -The best Camel couple, Mongolian traditional knuckle-bone competition, Camel Polo, local theatre cultural performances, Camel race and interesting young camel race.

Silver Reeds Festival 2020

Date  March 7-8, 2020

Location Khar-Us lake, Khovd province

Silver Reeds Festival takes place once a two year event and this year 8th festival will be brilliant opportunity to explore various ethnic groups with distinct traditional dwelling, lifestyle and traditions of literature and music and more. The province, Khovd which is located 1580km from Ulaanbaatar, is distinguished by its multi-cultural population and the aimag is home of more than 17 nationalities and ethnicities. In the festival, you will be able to discover numbers of competitions such as a marathon, ice shooting, dance and camel race, best couple on camelback, best traditional costumes competitions, skating marathon on the lake and other ice games.

Nauryz Festival 

Date- March 21-23, 2020

Location– Kazakh ethnic minorities throughout Mongolia

It is a New Year celebration for the Mongolian Kazakhs, many of whom live in the Bayan Ulgii province. Kazakhs call the month of March ‘Nauryz’ – this is the time of renewed life which comes with the spring.  This holiday is full of the tradition of ethnic group Kazakhs and its rituals and customs. There are many mystical traditions of this minor ethnic group related to this celebration such as food, clothing and many more.

Ulaanbaatar Marathon

Date – May , 2020

Location – Ulaanbaatar

Are you an active runner? If yes, this marathon is for you! Brilliant opportunity to run the streets of the capital along with hundreds of locals and visitors. Named after capital Ulaanbaatar- International Marathon, which takes place on the third Saturday of every May, is the one of the interesting events for both experienced and inexperienced runners of citizens and visitors. The marathon starts from Sukhbaatar and finishes back in there.

Yak Festival

Date – on third week, May, 2020 

Location – Khankhongor soum, Umnu-govi province

Mongolia has the second highest yak population in the world after China –Umnugobi province celebrates Mongolian Yak Festival every year. Mongolian Yak has many uses in nomadic daily life and its wool is used for making clothes. During the festive fun, yak-related activities include yak wrangling, yak rodeo, yak cheese-tasting, as well as the main event, a yak race across the gobi region.

Nomadic Naadam

Date  June 6, June 16, June 27

Location – Mongol nomadic camp (55km from Ulaanbaatar to the west)

This is mini version of Mongolian famed Naadam festival organized by Mongol Nomadic camp. The festival begins with Mongolian long song and traditional horse-head fiddle /Morin Khuur/ performance. There you can enjoy and experience legendary *Three Manly Games* of Mongols including Wrestling, Horse riding and Archery. You will have golden chance to see and photograph these games, traditional concerts and local participants as much as up closely to you. You can take short trip to explore this Nomadic Naadam and have unforgettable memory of Mongols tradition within one day travel.


Annual Crane Festival 

Date- June 13 , 2020

Location- Binder soum, Khentii province 

The annual Festival of Crane will be held June 7 on Shore of Tsagaan Lake, Binder soum of Khentii province. There are 15 species of cranes around the world and six of them are in Mongolia. The festival aims to introduce white-naped crane which is on the endangered animals’ list. There you can see traditional three manly sports, a tour of observing crane and shows of introducing nomadic life in this special festival. This festival gives you great bird watching and observing memories while your travel in the homeland of legendary Chinggis Khan.

Wind of Steppes – Moto music festival

Date – June, 2020

Location – Chonjin Boldog

This festival is quite unique festival connected with motorcycle riders with all types of motorcycles such as Chopper and more. The festival aims to show Moto sports of Mongolia, its development and exchange experiences with other foreign country’s participants. The festival will be held in Chonjin Boldog where Chinggis Khan equestrian Statue, there will be music festival in the evening out there. If you want to enjoy Mongolian Moto sport and modern music while in your travel in Mongolia, you should participate this festival in June.


The ceremony of Gongor Bumba 

Date- June , 2020 
Location- Amarbaysgalant monastery, Selenge province

The celebration of Gongor Bumba in Amarbaysgalant monastery is one of the most important holidays for Mongolian Buddhists. This yearly event is organized to make offerings for Gongor( White Buddha), a protective deity who abolishes difficulties and makes people abundant in property and food. This largest of the religious rituals will take place on June and religious worshippers, followers and lamas believe that Gongor ingot ceremony brings plenty of wealth and gather once a year at Amarbayasgalant monastery. The amarbaysgalant monastery is one of the must-see attractions of both religious and historical destinations if you make a trip to Mongolia.

Mongolian Gobi Ultra Marathon MGU 225KM 2020 

Date – June 26, 2020

Location – Elsen Tasarkhai sand dune 

The MGU225km is well-known that the most wonderful and challenging event for ultra runners in the world. Since 2013, it is a combined event of  great travel, running, walking & great challenge, including wild nature, blue sky, nomadic life, horse riding, camel riding, fire ceremony, sandy mountain, night running, much more things. There are many runners who have participated in previous 6 years without missing. There is no traffic and buildings in the steppe and Gobi. There will only YOU and wild nature. MGU 225km will be the greatest challenge for you in 2020.

Hunnu music festival

Date – June 29-30, 2020

Location- Tsonjin Boldog, Chinggis Khan Equestrian Statue

Named after, one of Mongolian powerful empire and also one of world’s 7 biggest civilization, Hunnu festival is organized on purpose of introducing local tourism and modern Mongolia through all genre’s of electronic ,hip hop and dance music of Mongolia and worldwide. The festival is hold in Chinggis Khaan statue complex each year.

Play time festival

Date- July 3-5, 2020

Location Gachuurt village, 30 km from Ulaanbaatar

It is the biggest outdoor Mongolian live music festival including Rock, Metal, Indie musicians of all kinds of live music bands around the country and overseas. The play time festival usually holds in mid of July in near of UB city, Gachuurt. You can enjoy and feel upcoming brand new live music of modern Mongolia and World together with young generations of Mongolia.

Tsaatan festival

Dates– July 7-8 , 2020

Location Khatgal village, Khovsgol province

Tsaatan reindeer herders in northern region of the country all gathers from the depth of Taiga and throws their rare-special Tsaatan festival in the beginning of July. Mysterious life and culture of Tsaatan reindeer herders have been chosen as top travel destination of Mongolia by their oldest religious ritual- Shamanism and ever-changed beauty of deep-Taiga wilderness and stunning fresh water- Khovgsol Lake. It is so worth to travel and experience many unexpected adventures and customs at same time.

Nomadic Culture Festival 

Dates– July 6, 2020

Location- Teeliin Gol, Erdenekhairkahn soum, Zavkhan province

Nomadic Culture festival is becoming one of best and unique festivals in western region of Mongolia. The festival brings back ancient nomadic life, style, tradition, customs and unique culture to the modern time by introducing herder’s way of life, displaying and showing their rituals through the festival.

National Costume festival Mongolia

Date July 10, 2020

Location- Chinggis square, Ulaanbaatar city

Day before Naadam festival, you can see different types and patterns of national costume of all ethnic group of Mongolia together in National Costume festival. It consists of Mongolian costume national runway, cultural performance, a contest of best-dressed couple in Mongolian national costume, a contest of best-dressed foreigner in Mongolian national costume, a contest of public dance and the best dancing couple and closing ceremony-Award ceremony.

National Naadam festival

Dates11-13 July, 2020

Location– Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Top travel attraction throughout the whole year is definitely Naadam festival. It will be never forgotten experience of nomadic life, discovery of adventure and culture of Mongolian people through Naadam festival.

Yak Festival 

Date: July 22, 2020

Location: Bat-ulziit soum, Uvurkhangai province

The Yak Festival is one of the most important festivals in Mongolia and is held every year on July 22 in Orkhon Valley of Uvurkhangai Province. Nomadic culture in the Khangai Mountains is very strong, and the area has one of the highest concentrations of yaks in the world.
The event is eagerly anticipated by the community, and the event includes yak racing and showing, wild stallion and yak riding, milking contests and other traditional Naadam events of horse racing, wrestling, and archery.

Bogd Khan Mountain Trail 2020

Date –July or August, 2020

Location Bogd Khan Mountain

If you are active runner who willing to achieve special points for running carrier, the race is one of the UTMB qualifying race! Finishers can get 3 ITRA points for the completion of the 64km trail run! The winner of 64km trail run can get 500 points from the Asia Trail Master Championship organization. You can challenge in the 10km and 21km categories.

Danshig Naadam religious festival

Date – Aug or Sept, 2020

Location – Khui Doloon Khudag

The biggest Mongolian religious festival called Danshig Naadam which its first was held in 1639 for enthroning 1st Bogd Jebtsundamba Khutukhtu. After re-celebrating since 2015, Danshig Naadam religious festival offers variety of cultural performances including traditional folk dance and song, performance of contortion; wrestling, archery, knuckle-bone shooting and religious competitions.

Journey to Little 99 warriors 

Date – August 5, 2020

Location – Tsaidam camp, Khashaat soum, Arkhangai province

If you travelling with your kids or interesting about how Mongolian nomadic kids grow up and their roles and abilities regardless of their young age, it is the best to stop over and participate in annual Journey of 99 little warriors while travelling around Khushuu Tsaidam-known as Orkhon Inscription written in Old Turkic alphabet in the early 8th century in Orkhon Valley. Read more.

 Orkhon Valley Horse Festival

Date – August 7, 2020

Location – Tsaidam bag, Khashaat soum, Arkhangai province

There are many horse related festival throughout Mongolia, but this festival is so unique because of the location Orkhon Valley-listed in historical sites of UNESCO. This festival will be good choice for those who want to experience land of horse, riding and challenging competitions among men and capability and beauty of Mongolian horses.You can experience many cultural rituals and contests all related with horse and horsemen activities including lassoing horse, grabbing a lasso pole from land while riding horse, horse bucking, race of foal horses. Read more.

 Ceremony of Gongor Bumba 

Date-  Aug ,2020
Location- Amarbaysgalant monastery, Selenge province

The celebration of Gongor Bumba in Amarbaysgalant monastery is one of the most important holidays for Mongolian Buddhists. This largest of the religious rituals will take place on Aug and religious worshippers, followers and lamas believe that Gongor ingot ceremony brings plenty of wealth and gather once a year at Amarbayasgalant monastery. During August, there will be tsam dance -worshipping ritual in Amarbayasgalant monastery.

Sand festival in western Mongolia

Date– Aug 8-9 , 2020

Location – Gun Nuur, Mongolian Great Sand, Gobi-Altai province

The annual Sand festival will take place on July 27-29 at Ereen Lake, Jargalan soum, Gobi-Altai province. Surrounding areas in the lakes is beautiful with great sand sitting in Gobi-Khangai region, western Mongolia. The province is the second biggest province which is famous for its oasis’ about 1130 km far from UB. There will be various cultural events and sand competitions as sand volleyball, relay race to mountain top, sand sumo wrestling, polo match, anklebone shooting, foal racing and more.

Mongol Yak Festival 

Dates Aug -18, 2020

Location-  Ikh Tamir, Arkhangai province 

Annual yak festival in Orkhon Valley is one of most important festivals in central reign of the country where there has one of highest concentration of yaks throughout globe. Culture and tradition of nomadic herders in Khangai Mountain are so strong and yak is one of their distinctive from other regions of the country. The festival is quite uncommon only based on activities of Khangai Mountain yaks including yak racing, yak showing, wild stallion, yak riding and milking. Orkhon Valley is also one of must travel destinations of Mongolia, where has numerous natural and historical important sites in Mongolian history.

Sagsai Golden Eagle Festival

Date- Sept 17-18, 2020

Location- Sagsai village, Bayan-Ulgii province

From 2020, We, Ayan Travel Mongolia will organize our own Sagsai Eagle Festival annually on September 18-19, in Sagsai soum, western Mongolia.

We are inviting you join our private or joining group /photographic or amateurs all possible/ expedition to the Sagsai Eagle Festival by Ayan Travel Mongolia.

Spirit- Horseback Archery Tournament 

Date-  Sept ,2020

Location- Ulaanbaatar Horseracing center 

Mongolian Open Horseback Archery tournament with no limit on number of archers and anticipating around 100 participants from Mongolia, UK, Sweden, Finland, Malaysai, USA and South Africa. Also horseback event will include Hungarian, Korean, Kazakh and Mongolian styles. It is brilliant chance to eyewithness Legendary horseback archery and martial arts in the land of Chinggis Khan.

Golden Eagle Festival

Date  October 3-4, 2020

Location – Bugat village, Bayan-Ulgii province

The Golden Eagle Festival starts with its parades and competitions for costuming and hunting techniques. This festival has been celebrated since 2000 and now attracts many travelers and photographers. Each year the number of eagle hunters participating the festival is increasing which makes the festival more colorful and spectacular. The eagles chase fox skins dragged by their owners on horseback. Points are given for their speed and gripping ability. In 2 days you will capture plenty of portraits and competition photos, names Kokbar, Kizkhuar etc.

Steppe Winter Horses

Date  on weekend of 3rd week, November, 2020

Location– Khentii province

Mongolia is the land of horses and Mongolia horse related festivals have its own specific tradition and colors especially, winter horse festival- TaliinTumen Aduu in eastern region. You can see legendary Chinggis Khan’s powerful horses and its good stamina through Mongolian horse training skills as taming, lassoing, picking up pegs from ground while on horseback. Read more.



  • In case of emergency
    101 – Fire brigade
    102 – Police
    103 – Ambulance
    107 – Family violence report center
    108 – Child violence report center
  • If you can’t remember the correct hotline number, just call to 105, they link you to correct line.
  • Usual business working hours in Mongolia are from 9.00 till 18.00 with a lunch break between 13.00 and 14.00, though some companies, especially in the service industry might work till 8-10 pm. Shops in major cities are usually open till 8-10 pm and some supermarkets work 24 hours. Bargaining is usually not acceptable in shops, but it is a common practice at the market.
  • Mongolian national currency is Tugrik (MNT). US Dollars, Euro and other major currencies can be easily exchanged to MNT and back in official exchange bureaus and banks.  It is advisable to keep all documents for money exchange until departure. The majority of European and international credit and debit cards, including Visa, Master Card, Euro Card are accepted in most hotels, large shops and restaurants of Astana and Almaty. In other cities, it is recommended to check with your hotel whether they accept credit card payments or not. Traveler’s cheque are not common in Mongolia and they are most likely not accepted.
  • Mobile phone network coverage is available all over Mongolia through major telephone communication networks (Mobicom, Unitel, G-Mobile), though in remote areas the coverage might be limited. Internet access: free Wi-Fi is available in airports, hotels, shopping and public services in town.
  • We suggest you bring your personal items for the trip. Here is list we recommend and please add value to the list for your own need.
backpack or soft bag sleeping bag (upon your desire)
binoculars socks
camera spare batteries/bulb
T-shirts spare glasses
day pack spare hiking shoes
hiking stick suit your needs.
fleece jacket or wool jumper sun cream
gloves sun glasses
head lamp/flashlight sun hat
insect repellent towel
insurance confirmation copy underwear
lightweight trousers warm hat
long sleeve shirts watch/ alarm clock
long underwear water bottle
money belt/ pouch waterproof bag cover
personal medications waterproof hiking boots
resealing (ziploc) plastic bags waterproof jacket with hood
sandals waterproof over pants
shorts wet tissues

During the trip organized by Maral expedition, full facility of camping equipment will be provided for you.

When you visit Kazakh families and your agenda says homestay for the night you will expect Kazakh large Ger (Yurt). Kazakhs sometimes prepare separate Ger for guests in countryside, when there is large number of family members are already staying in same Ger owned by the family.








Staying overnight in tents will be warm enough at night when you have warm sleeting bag with a pad.






Besides sleeping tents, there will be kitchen tent, where meals prepared, and you find hot, cold water, snacks, and fruits at any time during camping.







Depending on numbers of people in a group and road difficulties, directions to go, you’ll ride Russian van and jeep or Land cruiser. They are all 4WD and our skilled drivers if in charge of you security and safety.








The Mongol horse is the native horse breed of Mongolia. The breed is purported to be largely unchanged since the time of Genghis Khan. Nomads living in the traditional Mongol fashion still hold more than 3 million animals, which outnumber the country’s human population. Despite their small size, they are horses, not ponies. In Mongolia, the horses live outdoors all year, dealing with temperatures from 30 °C (86 °F) in summer down to −40 °C (−40 °F) in winter, and they graze and search for food on their own. The mare’s milk is processed into the national beverage airag. Some animals are slaughtered for meat. Other than that, they serve as riding and transport animals; they are used both for the daily work of the nomads and in horse racing.

Mongol horses are of a stocky build, with relatively short but strong legs and a large head. They weigh about 600 lbs. and range in size from 12 to 14 hands (48 to 56 inches, 122 to 142 cm) high. Their cannon bone external circumference is about 8 inches (200 mm). They have a slight resemblance to Przewalski’s horse and were once believed to have originated from that subspecies. However, that theory was disproven in 2011 by genetic testing. Przewalski’s horse has been conclusively shown not to be an ancestor of any domestic horse, though it can interbreed with domesticated horses to hybridize and produce fertile offspring. The mane and tail of the Mongol horse are very long. Their strands are often used for braiding ropes; the tail hair can be used for violin bows. Mongolian horses have great stamina; although they have small bodies, they can gallop for 10 km without a break. When pulling a cart, a team of four Mongol horses can draw a load of 4400 lbs for 50–60 km a day. Because the horses are allowed to live much the same as wild horses, they require little in the way of hoof care. The hooves are left untrimmed and unshod, and few farriers are in the country. Mongol horses have hard, strong hooves and seldom have foot problems. Sometimes, horses will be branded.

You can purchase a single entry visa upon arrival but only at the Chinggis Khaan (Ulaanbaatar) Airport. There is an extra rapid transit fee of $ 50 plus a service fee of $ 3 (prices are subject to change without notice). This service is only intended for travelers who cannot normally obtain a visa at their originating point or who are traveling on very short notice. They are not available at any other border point of entry to Mongolia. All visas are valid for 90 days from the date of issue.

Mongolian Immigration Agency: Service Hall 1882, Buyant-Ukhaa, 10th Khoroo, Khan-Uul District, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia (Chinggis Khaan International Airport), Tel: (+976) 9314-1013, Fax: (+976) 70133457;;

Obtaining a Chinese Travel Visa

Getting to China from Mongolia is as easy as yi, er, san! All you need is the proper documents, some cash, and perhaps a bit of patience. Visas are processed within four working days; however, an express visa may be obtained within 2-3 working days for an extra $ 20.

In order to obtain a Chinese visa you need the following documents:

A passport with at least six months of remaining validity and at least one blank visa page

A completed visa application (which you can pick up and fill out at the embassy)

One recent passport sized photo (3.5 x 4.5 cm)

Your tickets in and out of China (This can be the tricky part, especially if you haven’t planned that far in advance. Unfortunately, this is a must have because it will determine how many days you get on your visa.)

In addition to a final destination ticket you must be sure to have a valid visa for that country.

Information about where you are staying (e.g., hostel, couch surfer’s address, random combination of numbers and Chinese characters). This may be just a formality, but they’ll ask for it anyway.

American dollars. (Yes, it’s true.) The prices are:

American: Single/ Double entry visa: $ 140

Serbian: Single/ Double entry visa: $ 60

Others: Single: $ 30.00, Double: $ 60

The Chinese embassy (Хятадын элчин сайдын яам, Tel: +976-11-320955, 323940, 311903, Fax: +976-11-311943 ) is located in Ulaanbaaatar on the corner of the Small Ring Road (Бага тойруу) and Youth Avenue (Залуучуудын өргөн чөлөө), which is a quick walk from Sukhbaatar Square and МУБИС or a MNT1,000 taxi ride from the State Department Store. It is open from 9: 30 a.m. to 12: 00 p.m. Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.

Obtaining a Russian Visa

If you didn’t get your Russian visa before traveling to Mongolia, you should allow some time in your trip to spend window hopping in the vast bureaucracy that is the Russian-visa-getting process.

Privacy Policy of Maral Expedition

  • Introduction

This Privacy Notice (“Notice”) sets out how Bayan-Auul Trails LLC promoting its business as Maral Expedition, as a private company incorporated in the Bayan-Olgii Province, Western Mongolia

Bayan-Auul Trails is one of the local travel agencies and the member of Mongolian Tourism Association.

We need to collect, use and disclose personal information in order to perform our business functions and activities, including making and managing travel bookings on behalf of our customers. We are firmly committed to protecting the privacy and confidentiality of personal information and to maintaining various physical, electronic and procedural safeguards to protect personal information in our care.

For the provision of retail travel services by Bayan-Auul Trails, we will be the data controller and this Notice shall apply. Likewise, for the purpose of all our marketing activities (both business travel/event management and retail travel services) we will be the data controller and this Notice shall apply.

By providing personal information to us, you agree that this Notice will apply to how we handle your personal information and you consent to us collecting, using and disclosing your personal information as detailed in this Notice. If you do not agree with any part of this Notice, you must not provide your personal information to us. If you do not provide us with your personal information, or if you withdraw a consent that you have given under this Notice, this may affect our ability to provide services to you or negatively impact the services we can provide to you. For example, most travel bookings must be made under the traveler’s full name and must include contact details and appropriate identification (e.g. passport details). We cannot make bookings for you without that information. There may be instances where your local data protection laws impose more restrictive information handling practices than the practices set out in this Notice. Where this occurs we will adjust our information handling practices in your jurisdiction to comply with these local data protection laws.

 What personal information do we collect?

Personal information generally means information which relates to a living individual who can be identified from that information, or from that information and other information in a person’s possession, including any expression of opinion, whether true or not, and whether recorded in material form or not, about an identified or reasonably identifiable individual, and any indication of intention in respect of an individual.

Generally, the type of personal information we collect about you is the information that is needed to facilitate your travel arrangements and bookings and to arrange travel related services and/or products on your behalf. Therefore we typically process the following types of personal information about you:

  • contact information (such as name, residential/mailing address, telephone number, email address);
  • payment account information (credit/debit card details, including card type, card number, security number and expiry date);
  • passport details;
  • information about your dietary requirements and health issues (if any); and
  • other details relevant to your travel arrangements or required by the relevant travel service providers (e.g. airlines and accommodation or tour providers).

Sensitive information may include (without limitation) your racial or ethnic origin, philosophical or religious beliefs or affiliations, sexual preferences or practices, criminal record and the alleged commission of an offense, membership of political, professional or trade associations, biometric and genetic information, passwords and financial information and health information, and (in the USA) any personal information relating to a child under the age of 13. We will only collect sensitive information in compliance with your local data protection laws, with your explicit consent and where it is reasonably necessary for, or directly related to, one or more of our functions or activities (e.g. to make travel arrangements), unless we are otherwise required or authorized to do so by law. We will not use sensitive information for purposes other than those for which it was collected, unless we subsequently receive your consent to use it for another purpose.

 How do we collect personal information?

We will only collect personal information in compliance with your local data protection laws. We usually collect your personal information from the information you submit during the course of your relationship with us. We will collect this information directly from you unless it is unreasonable or impracticable to do so.

Generally, this collection will occur:

  • when you deal with us either in person, by telephone, letter, email;
  • when you visit any of our websites; or
  • when you connect with us via social media.

We may collect personal information about you:

  • when you purchase or make inquiries about travel arrangements or other products and services;
  • when you enter competitions or register for promotions;
  • when you subscribe to receive marketing from us (e.g. e-newsletters);
  • when you request brochures or other information from us; or
  • when you provide information, or use our services, on social media.

Where you make a travel booking on behalf of another person (e.g. a family or group booking or a travel booking made for an employee), you agree you have obtained the consent of the other person for Bayan-Auul to collect, use and disclose the other person’s personal information in accordance with this Notice and that you have otherwise made the other person aware of this Notice.

You should let us know immediately if you become aware that your personal information has been provided to us by another person without your consent or if you did not obtain consent before providing another person’s personal information to us.

 How do we use your personal information?

We will only process your information, where:

  • you have given your consent to such processing
  • the processing is necessary to provide our services to you;
  • the processing is necessary for compliance with our legal obligations; and/or
  • the processing is necessary for our legitimate interests or those of any third party recipients that receive your personal information

We may share your information with our travel service providers such as hotel, airline, car rental, or other providers, who fulfill your travel bookings. Please note that these travel service providers also may use your personal information as described in their respective privacy policy and may contact you as necessary to obtain additional information about you, facilitate your travel reservation, or provide you with your requested services. We encourage you to review the privacy policies of any third-party travel service providers whose products you purchase through us. We will provide you with copies of all relevant travel service provider terms, conditions and privacy policies on request.

Should you no longer wish to receive promotional/marketing material from us, participate in market research or receive other types of communication from us, please refer to the “Feedback / Complaints / Contact” section below (section 13). You can unsubscribe from receiving electronic marketing materials by following the unsubscribe prompt in your email, SMS, MMS, iM or other form of electronic marketing. Please also see the “Your rights” section of this Notice to learn about your ability, at any time, to opt out or limit the use of your browsing behavior for online behavioral advertising purposes (section 8 below).

 Is personal information disclosed to third parties?

We do not and will not sell, rent out or trade your personal information. We will only disclose your personal information to third parties in the ways set out in this Notice and, in particular, as set out below, and in accordance with your local data protection laws. Note that, in this Notice, where we say “disclose”, this includes to transfer, share (including verbally and in writing), send, or otherwise make available or accessible your personal information to another person or entity.

On our websites, you may choose to use certain features that can be accessed through, or for which we partner with, other entities that are not otherwise affiliated with us. These features, which include social networking and geo-location tools, are operated by third parties, including social networks, and are clearly identified as such. These third parties may use or share personal information in accordance with their own privacy policies. We strongly suggest you review the third parties’ privacy policies if you use the relevant features.

 Social Media Integration

Our websites and mobile applications may use social media features and widgets (such as “Like” and “Share” buttons/widgets). These are provided and operated by third party companies (e.g. Facebook) and either hosted by a third party or hosted directly on our website or mobile application. If you are logged into your account with the third party company, then the third party may be able to link information about your visit to and use of our website or mobile application to your social media account with them. In addition, the third party company may send us information in line with their policies, such as your name, profile picture, gender, friend lists and any other information you have chosen to make available, and we may share information with the third party company for the purposes of serving targeted marketing to you via the third party social media platform. You can manage the sharing of information and opt out from targeted marketing via your privacy settings for the third party social media platform.

 Tracking Technologies / Cookies

We may use third-party web analytics services on our websites and mobile apps, such as those listed in our Cookies Policy. The analytics providers that administer these services use technologies such as cookies and web beacons to help us analyse how visitors use our websites and apps.

For information regarding our use of cookies and tracking technologies, refer to our Cookies Policy on our website.

 Linked Sites

Our websites may contain links to third party websites over which we have no control. We are not responsible for the privacy practices or the content of such websites. We encourage you to read the privacy policies of any linked third party websites you visit as their privacy policy and practices may differ from ours.

 Feedback / Complaints / Contact

If you have any inquiries, comments or complaints about this Notice or our handling of your personal information, please contact your consultant or the Data Protection Officer using the details set out below and we will responds as soon as practicable.


Post:    Customers Service Manager

#8-4 Jana Auul, 13-r bagh, Olgii soum 83000, Bayan-Olgii, Mongolia.

  • Changes to our Notice

We may amend this Notice from time to time. If we make a change to the Notice, the revised version will be posted on our website. We will post a prominent notice on our website to notify you of any significant changes to our Notice and indicate at the end of the Notice when it was most recently updated. It is your responsibility, and we encourage you, to check the website from time to time in order to determine whether there have been any changes. If we update our Notice, in certain circumstances, we may seek your consent.

This Privacy Notice was last updated on 09 August, 2018.


By booking a tour with Bayan-Auul LLC (owner of this site), you (including all persons in your group) agree to the following terms and conditions:

  1. In all cases you making the booking with us shall be deemed to have accepted these Terms and Conditions on behalf of all the other person(s) named in the booking and who partake in the booked tour(s).
  2. If you agree to take tour with Bayan-Auul LLC, we will require your detailed information. Please fill Online booking form and submit.
  3. Trip can be cancelled by either parties. Where Bayan-Auul LLC has to cancel the whole trip before departure because of unusual circumstances beyond our control such as terrorism, natural disaster. Political instability or other external events it is not viable for us to operate the planned itinerary. In case of cancellation of trip by us, we will return your fund 100%, but we may not be able to be in charge of expenses you have incurred for non-refundable flights, insurance, health checkup, vaccinations, and visas.
  4. You must carry a valid (at least 6 months beyond your trip) passport and have obtained the appropriate visas for the countries in which you will visit during your trip and transit visas where required.
  5. It is your sole responsibility to book and pay for your international flights and to provide positive identification in the form of a passport or other required identification at the time of airport check-in.
  6. If you have special requests (including by way of dietary or medical requirements), you should inform us of such requests prior to departure.  We will advise the relevant supplier of your requirements, but we cannot guarantee that such requests will be met. Furthermore, we have no liability to you if such requests are not met.
  7. Travel insurance is compulsory for all Bayan-Auul Trails travelers and should be taken out at the time of booking. Your travel insurance must provide cover against personal accident, death, medical expenses and emergency repatriation.
  8. Please dress appropriately and stay sensitive to cultural practices when visiting families and communities and respect local traditions, lifestyle and customs.
  9. Should you have any questions about your tour, contact your tour leader and our staff will do the best to rectify the matter. If we cannot resolve any issues at the time, then a written letter should be submitted to Bayan-Auul LLC within 14 days of the end of your tour. We will be able to deal with the situation to satisfy you the best.
  • If you do not agree to be legally bound by the Terms & Conditions of Bayan-Auul LLC, please do not access and/or use any information belonging to Bayan-Auul LLC or at the website.

Published by Bayan-Auul LLC.

Updated on 28 February 2017

Cookie Policy

Our website uses cookies. A cookie is a small file of letters and numbers that we put on your computer if you agree. They allow us to distinguish you from other users of our site, which helps us to provide you with a good experience when you browse our website and also allows us to improve our site and apps. For more information on cookies, visit

We (or our suppliers) use several common tracking tools. We use these tools to collect usage and demographic information about you over time and across different Web sites when you use our Platforms. We also have third parties (e.g. advertisers) that collect personal information this way. Tools we use may include browser cookies. Your browser will store these cookies on your computer in a small file. To learn more about cookies, see

We and our advertising partners may also use web beacons (single pixel GIF images). These web beacons are placed in the code of a Web page or an email newsletter. When you access a partner site within our mobile applications, we may track your activity on that site.

By using the Platforms, you give us your free, unambiguous and informed consent to the use of any of the cookies and tracking tools mentioned in this policy.